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native american headdress / war bonnet

by:Max Apparel     2020-08-12
Hi!
I am Redsmith and I am a creator.
For a long time, I have always wanted to make an American aboriginal headwear. And here\'s why.
When I was a child, I watched a lot of movies, and I was very impressed with the culture and craftsmanship of the United States.
As a manufacturer and leather worker/leather worker, I have the will, the skills and the opportunity to make one that is not only a challenge to myself, but also to realize the dream of having one in my childhood, it is also a tribute to the culture that I have always been interested in.
My kids like to play cowboy and Indian games.
So I decided to do one to play with him.
I am not a citizen of the United States.
I am French and in my country a lot of kids like to play cowboy and Indian games.
So, please do not see anything in this manual other than respect, admiration and interest in Native American culture and craft.
I made a full tutorial video that you can watch here: I also split this video into five parts for each part of the build.
The entire playlist is here: you have to make four separate sections, each taking quite a long time.
So plan ahead and don\'t try to make it-day-build.
Let me explain. by-
How to build each part of this build.
Let\'s start! :)
For this building you need: You have to use the bead loom and you can buy one like me or make it yourself.
But for this, you must first consider the length and width you need.
My last piece will be 25 cm long, so the bead loom needs to be at least 30 cm long and 15 cm wide. (11\" x 6\").
I cut with simple plywood, stick together and twist together.
At the top of each side, I twist a spring to keep the spacing of the threads equal.
Then collect all the parts you need: Now is the time to design.
Using graphic paper to design your work will make it easier for you to calculate all the small squares that represent the beads you need to build.
I personally designed my pattern first and ordered my beads accordingly.
Just make sure there are enough beads for the whole building.
To be able to choose my favorite design, I drew two different designs.
Please remember the length and width of your last piece.
My pattern is simple, but I will repeat it four times in order to get the final 25 cm (10 inches)length. 1.
First connect your line to the loom.
You can make a loop or a knot.
Attach it to the hook or screw at the end of the Loom and start weaving the loom.
The wire passing through the loom is brought through the spring to the corresponding coil. 2.
Then wrap the thread around the hook/screw and bring it back through the loom.
Don\'t forget that you need one more thread than the number of beads in each of your ingredients.
For example, I have 19 beads per row, so I need 20 threads.
In the picture you will see that I only have 19 threads. . .
I had to add one later. . .
Don\'t do the same thing (easy to fix)mistake :)3.
Get the needle ready now.
Take a good nylon thread (
About 1 m/3 feet)
Through the Eyes of the needle, fix it with a simple knot.
Tie the other end to the first wrapped line of the Loom, leave a small tail, and place the needle under the wire wired by the loom. 1.
You can prepare the beads now.
Pour some on the tray and separate the different colors if possible.
It will be easier to pick the right color and amount of beads required for each raw material.
Now, you can start the bead according to your mode.
Read your pattern from left to right as you need, string as many beads as possible. 2.
Then push the beads up between the lines of each group of packages.
The first few lines may take a little time to correct, but with a little practice it will soon become easier and faster. 3.
When your first line of beads is located between the lines of the package, pull the needle into the beads at the top of the line of the package and pull the needle back to your left.
Don\'t pull too tight, it will hold your end tight.
Now you\'re in the first row!
Try to make it as aligned as possible and bring the needle back to your right as you did before under the lines of all the packages. 4.
Repeat this action multiple times as needed to build the schema.
When you get used to it, you can string all the beads in one line at a time.
It\'s just a matter of time and repetition before you get faster and more precise.
You will see your pattern slowly showing up, which is a very good feeling!
If you make a mistake (e. g.
Switch two beads of different colors)
It\'s really easy to correct your mistake as long as you don\'t put the needle through all the beads.
Be sure to double check the color/order of your pattern and beads before doing so.
If your sewing line is running out, tie it to the wrapped line before starting the next line.
A simple knot is enough, but I made two knots for the sake of safety.
You can then tie it to the same place and continue with your beads. 1.
Once you have finished your mode, you have to protect it. 2.
Sew back the last few rows of beads.
You can do it at the top or below of the thread of the package. 3.
Pass the needle from right to left through the beads, then from left to right through three or four times, then only through the first three or four beads in the next line.
Sew under the line of the next package, pull the needle to make a small ring, you can use it to make a half knot between the two beads. 4.
Once you get all the beads in this way, you can go to the next step. Congrats!
Your mode is complete.
But it\'s still on the loom and no longer needs it.
If you have a loom with hooks, you can remove the pattern from the loom.
If you have a thread with screws, just cut the wound thread as close to each end as possible from the screw. 1.
Now you have to deal with these tails.
Repeat the previous operation for this.
Bring the first tail (right or left)
Go through your needleeye and start going through the first three or four beads in the first row. 2.
Then three or four beads through the second raw material, and then the third one. 3.
Finally, tie the tail to the line with a double half knot. 4.
Repeat this step with all tails at both ends of the workpiece. And. . . Congrats!
Your beads are finished! :)
Let\'s start the next part.
Now we\'re dealing with feathers.
It takes a little preparation to install them on the headwear.
For this step, you need: first, you have to clean the feathers of the long feathers with a tool knife to remove any paint from the raw material itself, or just clean 3-5 cm / 1-2 inch long.
This way the glue will stick better and you will have a better effect.
Once done, you can trim the tip of the feather to correct the shape, or clean up some damaged spots.
If you are like me, you buy some long feathers and take them off now.
Take your time, be careful that the little feathers are very fragile.
I suggest you put your long and short feathers in a different box or high glass.
It will be easier to work with them later, and if you can\'t finish this step in a day, you won\'t lose any of them.
They are very light and fly away easily. 1.
Each long feather requires a piece of cotton cloth and a piece of tanned leather.
Cotton slices should be 5 cm x 5 cm (2 inch square meters).
I\'m a little long so I have to re-
Cut after.
You can use any color you like, but I chose to make a big contrast between this part and the feathers with white fabric. 2.
Cut some leather strips now.
You will use it to attach the feathers to the headwear hat.
Article 1 cm x 8 cm (
About 1/2x3 inch. )long.
There is no need to over-process these parts by dyeing or polishing the edges as they will be hidden in the final assembly. 1.
Drop a little crazy glue on the feathers of long feathers, and drop some throttle on the feathers of small feathers.
You can put one on the other now.
Using pliers is a good way to not stick your fingertips.
I often stick these delicate glue with a Eraser pencil.
I can push gently and not stick my fingers together. 2.
Cut 30 cm when your feathers stick together and the glue is completely cured (10 inches)
Cotton thread
It will be completely hidden so you can use any color you have/want. 3.
Just wrap the lines around the feathers of the feathers and tie them together permanently.
On natural feather feathers, sometimes crazy glue fails, and you don\'t want this to happen once your headwear is fully completed.
In addition, this has traditionally been done.
It\'s a long process, so take your time again.
After five feathers, you will increase your confidence and go faster. 4.
Once all your feathers are glue and tie, you can take a break! ; )1.
Put the strips on the feathers of the long feathers to form a small ring.
Because you need lace through the leather slot, this piece ensures that the end of the feather pen does not come into contact with the inside of the strip and you have a half centimeter gap.
To simplify the next step, you can use crazy glue and accelerators if you want. 2.
It\'s like you cut 30 cm before (10 inches)
Cotton thread, set it in the skin.
It protects the glue if it fails. 3.
Upon completion, you can wrap the cotton cloth around the feathers to hide both ends of the small feather feathers and leather articles.
You can use glue again to make assembly easier.
You can also adjust the length and width of the cotton cloth to match the size of the feathers you have, but be sure to re-adjust
Cut all the cotton slices into the same size, otherwise it may affect the final look of the headdress. 1.
Cut the cotton thread about 30 cm and wrap it around at both ends of the cotton sheet.
It will ensure the safety of the General Assembly and make it look awesome. 2.
Wound three or four times at the low end, then through two up lines and three or four more.
Fix the alignment with the knot and cut off the excess part.
The second part is finished.
You have a lot of beautiful feathers right now.
But you can\'t use it now.
We have to make our hats and decorations.
So I suggest putting them in a covered box.
It will keep the feathers clean and dry, and more importantly, you will not lose any feathers.
This part is very easy if you have the right tools.
You need: First check the size of your head and the size of your mannequin head.
My one is a little too small, so I put a skullcap on it so I get the exact size that fits my job.
To make a 3D hood with flat cowhide, we need a pattern.
So let\'s do one. 1.
Wrap the human model foam head with plastic cooking packaging and tape.
First put some cooking packaging on the head of the mannequin, then pack the head three or four times.
If you don\'t have skullcap, you can also make your mannequin head bigger with a cooking package. 2.
Then wrap the head with tape.
Just like you used to, put some tape strips on top of the head and pass through them to cover the entire surface.
Then wrap the tape around the head. 1.
Measure the length between the forehead and the back of the head and transfer that length to the head of the mannequin.
This step is very important because it will determine how well you fit when you wear a headwear. 2.
Do the same thing, measure the length from one ear to the other, place the tape measure on top of your head, and trace some lines on the head of the mannequin. 3.
Then draw the outside line of your hat with your black skin pencil.
You can copy my design or do it yourself.
The most important thing is that there is a flat side above the forehead and a lower side at the back of the head so that the headwear can maintain a good balance. 4.
Once done, draw a cross at the top of the head.
This will be the four parts of your model. 1.
Number the part from 1 to 4 and cut the tape layer carefully. 2.
Once you can accept the pattern of the head of the mannequin and cut your pattern according to the lines, you should get the four parts needed to make the hood.
This pattern allows you to track and cut the parts you need on the soft cowhide. 1.
Press the tape sheet flat by hand and put it on the cowhide.
Track the outside lines with a pencil and cut them down. 2.
Now you can use the groover to mark the seam line.
Leaving a 5mm gap between these lines and the edges of the work is what I usually do. 3.
Don\'t forget to number your clothes or it will be much harder to sew. 4.
Now, you can make some stitching holes with a diamond punch in size 4.
All you need to do is open a hole on either side of each piece.
No seams are needed at the bottom, but you can always sew.
It will add design.
This step is optional.
But it is very helpful for my sewing. 1.
Assemble these four parts using some crazy glue and accelerators. 2.
The crazy glue on one part edge and the accelerator on the next part edge will glue immediately.
Be sure to do this on a flat surface, don\'t add too much glue and the parts stick to the table.
Take your time. 1.
Once your four pieces are put together, you can strengthen the whole part by putting more glue in the hood. 2.
Then you can oil the hood.
It softens it and makes it easier to sew by hand.
There are many ways to stitch it.
You can use sewing machine or do it by hand.
It doesn\'t matter as long as the needle you use is beautiful and sturdy.
You ran out of hats too!
Congrats!
Just make a few decorations before final assembly.
Without some decorations, the headwear will not be finished.
For this step you need: Let\'s get started!
First cut two 6 cm (About 2 inch. )
Wide rabbit skin. 1.
Track one line per line.
At one end of article 5 cm, it is divided into four parts. 2.
Punch holes in each of the four parts you just drew. 3.
Wire cut along. 1.
Make a knot at one end of the 3mm cotton thread. 2.
Measure the required length.
It should be 15 cm longer than a rabbit strip. 3.
Pass the thread into the hole as shown in the figure. 4.
Cut off extra lines next to the knot and stick to the inside of the skin. 1.
Glue together the 4 parts of the skin to turn off the stripes. 2.
Just like you glue the edges of the strap with the hood parts and close the second end. 3.
Make sure the cotton thread comes out of the strap or you won\'t be able to connect it to the headwear.
Now repeat the steps you see in the feather prep section. 1.
Cut some cotton cloth. 2.
Stick it to the rabbit skin with glue. 3.
Add some small feathers. 4.
Wrap it along a feather pattern with some cotton thread.
Once you have two, you can go to the next step. 1.
Stick a small feather on a 3mm cotton thread. 2.
Wrap it up with some smaller cotton thread. 3. Put four (or more)
Glass pearls on feathers. 4.
Sew this part on the rabbit skin jewelry.
Now, we will nail the bead on a piece of leather so that it can be attached to the headwear later.
The steps below are very simple and quick. 1.
The pattern is a simple rectangle with a half circle at each end.
Its size matches the beads part you made in step 2.
Track the pattern with a tracking tool or pencil. 3.
Straighten the edges with a nail knife. 1.
Oblique edges with side and round edges (
If you have one: this step is optional)2.
Mark the seam line with groover and punch holes with diamond number 4. 3.
Dye the leather to the color you like (
I choose black to make the work as discrete as possible under the beads)1.
Use some spray glue to stick the leather to some cotton cloth. 2.
You can use the same color as before.
I chose some red fabric that I already have.
This part is not important to hide on your forehead, but it will make the headwear more comfortable. 3.
Trim the extra parts with a tool knife. 1.
Oil the leather with some wool or clean cloth. 2.
Make two holes in the middle of the half circle.
I promise this will be the last sewing. 1.
We need to put beads on the leather we just made.
Sew two pieces together with some nylon thread. 2.
In order to have better results, be sure to sew every raw meat. 3.
Connect the nylon thread to the back of the leather sheet with two knots and cut off the excess. 1.
Cut down two thin psoriasis strips (
About 25 cm/10 inch. )
You will install the beads on the hood with them. 2.
Punch or drill two holes in the center of the aluminum circular plate.
You can use all your stuff if you don\'t have aluminum: the leather will do a good job!
Now all your decorations are ready.
We can start the final rally!
You\'re almost done.
Get an awesome Native American headwear ready in a few minutes! 1.
Collect all your work (
Hats, feathers and decorations)2.
Cut two fine strips of rabbit skin (1 cm wide / 0. 5 inch approx. )1.
Stick rabbit strips on the side of the bead chain with some crazy glue and throttle. 2.
Be sure to stick to the leather and not to the beads.
The rabbit skin hides the nylon thread and stitches. 1.
Once the rabbit skin is glued to the edge of the leather, the rabbit skin is stitched down and glued to the back. 2.
Once the strips are all glued together and the leather is well hidden, you can go to the next step.
Be sure not to apply glue to your hair or you will have to cut it off. 1.
Clean the Hood stitching using a lighter.
If you burn the line, be quick, note that you have to sew it again. 2.
Put the hat on the head of the human model again.
It will help to align the beads correctly. 3.
Use some binder to fix the bead part on the hood. 1.
Mark the stitching holes of the beading part with a needle or sharp metal object on the leather hood. 2.
Then connect the nylon thread to the needle and pass through the stitching hole of the bead sheet (
About in the middle of the work). 1.
Sew the beads on the hood.
You don\'t need to sew the whole length.
A few centimeters/inches is enough to hold the bead rod in place.
The connection between the two ends will be different. 2.
Hide the last knot inside the hood and cut off the excess knot. 1.
Mark the end of the bead with a pencil. 2.
Then under the bead mark, it is about 2 cm away from the first point. 3.
Cut the hood with a tool knife. 4.
Pass the leather strip through these two holes, one through the bead leather hole.
Do not close the straps with knots.
You need some more decorations.
You now have to select the feathers you want to use and sort them in the direction. 1.
I prepared a lot of feathers (
If I remember correctly
But I don\'t use it all.
I want to choose the most beautiful one.
So I made the first choice.
Then I sorted the leather by orientation.
Facing the left side is the left side of the hood, facing the other side is the right side.
If you have enough feathers to make headwear, just sort them in the direction. 2.
Place the first feather on the top of the hood and track a line with a pencil.
Be sure not to put the feathers on any stitching as you have to cut the leather to connect them. 3.
Surround the feathers around the beads.
I have a feather width between each feather.
Don\'t forget to draw two lines (
About 1 cm long. )
On the left and right of the feather. 4.
Cut the line with a tool knife. 1.
Cut the last psoriasis
This takes long enough to go through all the holes you just opened and grab all the feathers. 2.
Let\'s board the first feather.
Pass the strap through the first hole and enter the leather you attach to your feather feathers. 3.
Repeat the process until all your feathers are installed. 4.
Connect the back straps to the hood and make a simple knot.
In order for the feathers to stand upright, you can open a small hole in the shaft of the feathers and connect them together with nylon lines.
The strength of the headdress will increase, the orientation of the feathers will be good, and the line is almost invisible.
But this step is optional if you do a good job.
If you like the headwear without it.
If you don\'t connect the feathers to the nylon thread. 1.
Attach the trim on the side of the Hood to the psoriasis strip. 2.
Cut off the extra cotton thread. 3.
Take the aluminum plate and hold them with a psoriasis strip. 4.
A simple knot will fix the beads, decorations and plates on the hood and you can still remove the headdress and fix it if there is any problem or if the parts break.
That\'s why there is no need for sewing here.
Congrats!
You\'re done and now you have a great Native American headwear.
You can customize it the way you want it: choose feathers, lines, leather or rabbit skins of different colors.
You can make it the size you want and change the design.
For example, you can put feathers around the hood, or two long leather strips at the back, or you can put feathers on it.
Here is the complete tutorial video: If you have any questions or clarification requests, I am trying to make this instructions as clear and easy as possible.
I hope you like it, please vote, like, share and watch the video if you like it.
My next note will see you soon! The Redsmith.
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